Because of its strong antimicrobial activity, propolis is known as a "natural antibiotic". It inhibits the synthesis of protein by bacteria, which may account for at least some of its antimicrobial effects against micro-organisms like bacteria, fungi, viruses.
The flavonoids concentrated in propolis are powerful antioxidants, capable of scavenging free radicals and thereby protecting lipids and other compounds such as Vitamin C from being oxidized or destroyed.
It is probable that active free radicals, together with other factors are responsible for cellular aging and degradation in such conditions as cardiovascular diseases, arthritis, cancer, diabetes, Parkinson disease and Alzheimer disease. Oxidative damage may also result in poor liver function.
- Cardiovascular Effects: Reduces blood pressure, produce a sedative effect, strengthen capillaries, and protects the liver against alcohol.
- Colitis: Propolis inhibits prostaglandin formation so inflammation recedes and diminishes.
- Gastro-Intestinal Effects: Inhibits the development of stomach ulcers
- Gingivitis (gum infections) and plaque:Antiseptic against pulp gangrene, inhibits the growth of a range of bacterial organisms found in dental caries.
- Immune System: Propolis activates immune cells which produce cytokines with an anti-tumor effect and stimulates antibody formation.
- Respirotary Infections: Pharyngitis, chronic bronchitis, rhinitis.
- Psoriasis, wounds, otitis and accute inflammations of the ear
- Skin Infections: Inhibits the growth of yeasts and fungi.
- Sore Throat: When inflamed and sore, the throat responds favorably to propolis for the prostaglandin inhibition
- Ulcers: Propolis has anti-inflammatory and regenerative effects.
- Viral Infections: Influenza, herpes, shingles.
- Wound Healing and Tissue Repair Effects: Propolis tincture ointment reduces infection and stimulates healing.